Where in the world?
Tropical and subtropical regions of the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
Sea Anemones are related to jellies and corals, and they possess special stinging cells that stun or kill small fish or other tiny animals. However, Clownfish are immune to the sting of Sea Anemones.
Clownfish live among the tentacles of Sea Anemones, gaining protection from predators and eating leftover food and parasites from the host. The Sea Anemone gains protection from predators and nutrients from the feces of the Clownfish.
Interaction between two different organisms living in close physical association is called a “symbiosis”. When the relationship benefits both parties, this is considered a “mutualism” or “mutualistic symbiosis”.
Did you know?
Symbiotic relationships are often very specific, so a certain species of Clownfish associates only with a single type of Sea Anemone, and vice versa. Many Sea Anemones form mutualisms with algae of other single-celled photosynthetic creatures. The same Sea Anemone may be host to algae within its cells and a Clownfish.