Where in the world?
Tropical and subtropical waters of the Atlantic Ocean, including the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea.
The Grouper family is made up of numerous species of large-mouthed, heavy-bodied fish. They’re large and slow moving, and are not built for long-distance, fast swimming. Most are dull shades of brown or green, but some may have brightly colored, bold patterns.
One of the largest species of Groupers is the Goliath Grouper, which can grow to be more than 8 feet long and weigh about 1,000 pounds!
They swallow their prey whole rather than biting or tearing. They eat fish, octopus and crustaceans. Their mouths and gills form a powerful sucking system that pulls their prey in from a distance. They also use their mouths to dig into sand and jet it out through their gills while building shelters under big rocks.
Did you know?
Many groupers are important food fish, and some of them are now farmed.